The late 1100s were a time of great social upheaval in Western Europe. Thousands left agriculture and migrated to the towns, which grew rapidly and a new ‘middle class’ of merchants and craftsmen evolved. Also, the Crusades had led thousands of men to their death, leaving an imbalance of women. The Church was not well … More The 12th Century Nuns who Demanded to be Free
A Vatican conference rejects the Catholic church’s long-held teachings on just war theory, saying they have been used to justify violent conflicts and the global church must reconsider Jesus’ teachings on Gospel nonviolence.