A Pentecostal peace fellowship was first suggested in a paper presented in July 2001 at the European Pentecostal Charismatic Research Association conference at the Catholic University of Leuven in Leuven, Belgium by Paul Alexander, now Professor of Social Ethics at Palmer Theological Seminary of Eastern University (St Davids, Pennsylvania). By March 2002 about thirty Pentecostals and Charismatics had signed on after another version of the original paper was presented at the Society for Pentecostal Studies conference in Lakeland, Florida.
Later that year Marlon Millner penned “Send Judah First: An Open Letter to President George W. Bush,” encouraging the USA not to invade Iraq. This letter, which was signed by many Pentecostal and Charismatic pastors, students, and teachers, helped launch the Pentecostal and Charismatic Peace Fellowship (PCPF) and brought together the leadership team. The “Send Judah First” letter and the list of signatories is included as chapter 9 of Pentecostals and Nonviolence: Reclaiming a Heritage.
PCPF held its first conference, Intercession as a Way of Life: Peacemaking and Discipleship, near Dallas, Texas in October, 2005. The following October they met in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania for Seeking the Peace of the City. In October 2007 they met at the Providence Christian Center in San Francisco, California for Reconciliation: Message, Ministry, and Movement. The 2008 annual conference was held in Dallas, Texas.
In 2007, the name of the organization was changed to Pentecostals & Charismatics for Peace & Justice (PCPJ). PCPJ was instrumental in arranging several Christ at the Checkpoint conferences for peace in Israel and Palestine. Together with Wipf & Stock Publishers, PCPJ published the book series Pentecostals, Peacemaking, and Social Justice. In January 2017, PCPJ became Pax Pneuma (meaning Peace of the Spirit).